Numbers in antiquity

Joel Kalvesmaki

On this website I present some of my studies and notes on ancient number symbolism, numerology, and the theology and philosophy of mathematics. My focus is on the pre-medieval western world: west of the Indus river, before 1000 CE.

See, principally, my study The Theology of Arithmetic: Number Symbolism in Platonism and Early Christianity. Hellenic Studies Series 59. Washington, D.C.: Center for Hellenic Studies, 2013.

The Theology of Arithmetic

Ancillary material

"Ancient Number Symbolism: Glossary."

"Introduction to the Early Christian Theology of Arithmetic." Lecture. Philadelphia: NASGEm conference, 2004.

"Number Symbolism in the Mediterranean before A.D. 1000: A Select Bibliography."

"Reading the Early Christian Theology of Arithmetic: Methods of Research And the Search for a Method." Lecture. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America, 2002.

"Types of Greek Numerology." Lecture. Washington, D.C.: American Academy of Religion, 2006.

All texts on this website copyright Joel Kalvesmaki